EV Charging for Multi-Family Dwellings Part 3 – Parking and Building Type Considerations

by | Aug 30, 2023 | 0 comments |

This is Part 3 of our EV Charging for Multi-Family Dwellings blog series. You can read part 1, which covers pre-installation considerations here, and part 2 which covers the actual steps you need to take during your pre-installation process. To read the full series click here.

In this section, we’ll take a look at the building and parking types most multi-family dwellings are dealing with then installing EV chargers.

Parking and Building Type Considerations

The type of architecture of the MUD building and the location of resident parking spots will affect the cost and difficulty of the installation project. Here are a few considerations for owners and managers of multi-family dwellings.

Building and Electrical Design

The following three descriptions highlight the potential issues associated with parking and electrical at MUDs. However, it is important to note some multi-family dwellings may be a hybrid of one or more of the described property types.

Garden Apartments, Low-rise Condominiums, and Mobile Homes

A primary issue with these types of buildings is the location of the electrical service box/room. Most are not located close to the resident’s parking location which may increase installation expenses, especially if trenching is necessary. To minimize installation expenses, try to place the EV chargers close to electrical service points. It may mean assigned parking for EV owners, but avoiding digging under asphalt, gravel, or concrete will lower overall installation costs.

Mid- and High-rise Apartments or Condominiums with Multi-level Parking Garages

Most garages in these types of MUDs have assigned or deeded parking with limited access to electrical service points. The existing electricity is primarily for parking lights and to power elevators. An electrical upgrade may be necessary to support EV charging. The upgrades will require the support of the local utility and an electrical contractor. While you can opt to bore through parking garage walls, the process comes at a high expense. Another potential, less costly option, is to use a surface-mounted conduit.

Mid- and High-rise Apartments or Condominiums Without Parking Structures

Buildings without parking structures present a unique challenge for property owners who want to offer EV charging for their multi-family dwellings. A potential option is to create parking as a shared community resource but it’s not always possible. Owners may also be able to partner with local businesses that offer EV charging to their employees and customers. Residents may be able to use the charging stations overnight during off-business hours. However, neither option is ideal for residents and MUD owners.

Examples of Resident Parking Models

MUD owners and managers may want to use one of the following models for resident parking at EV chargers.

Assigned Parking

Most MUDs assign residents parking spots but the location may not fit with the EV charging infrastructure. Instead of increasing installation costs by moving the charging stations to the assigned parking spots, consider moving the residents. Rearranging the assigned parking spots to place electric vehicle owners closer to the charging stations is a cost-effective way to keep the installation project on budget. However, before reassigning parking spots owners/managers will want to discuss the move with affected residents.

Common Area Parking

It is often easier and less expensive to install EV chargers in common area parking lots. The electric service point is often conveniently located, eliminating the need for expensive trenching. However, if the parking lot is not close to tenants’ residences, it may not be convenient for EV drivers. You also need to account for the requirements outlined in the Americans with Disability ACT (ADA). Guidelines are being developed to help MUD owners meet ADA statutes. You can find the latest information on the Alternative Fuels Data Center website.

Deeded Parking

Deeded parking lots can experience the same issues as assigned and common area parking. Changing assigned parking may be difficult since a legal transfer of the parking spot is a requirement. Different parking spots can also vary in value based on the resident’s preferences and convenience. Negotiating with residents may provide a workable solution for everyone.

EV Charging for MUD’s with Apogee Charging Solutions

We understand the difficulties involved in installing EV chargers in multi-family dwellings. Let the experts with Apogee Charging Solutions help. We offer fully turn-key EV charging solutions that can be customized to fit your MUD’s unique challenges. Call 484-816-2076, email [email protected], or schedule a call that fits your needs by clicking the button below.


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